AOT Results


The effectiveness of assisted outpatient treatment (AOT) has been studied and independently verified by multiple researchers studying a number of states. These studies have consistently found a reduction in the consequences of non-treatment for severe mental illness among participants who receive AOT for six months or more.

For example, in one study of AOT results under Kendra’s Law New York found that:

  • 77 percent fewer experienced hospitalizations compared to before participation.
  • 74 percent fewer experienced homelessness compared to before participation.
  • 83 percent fewer experienced arrests compared to before participation.
  • 88 percent fewer experienced incarceration compared to before participation.

Among surveyed participants in Kendra’s Law:

  • 75 percent said AOT helped to gain control over their lives.
  • 81 percent said it helped them to get well and stay well.
  • 90 percent said it made them more likely to keep appointments and to take medication.

In another study of Kendra's Law published May 2011 report in Psychiatric Studies: 

  • The population that never received AOT was twice as likely to be arrested as the group that did receive it.
  • Among those receiving AOT, the risk of any arrest was 2.66 greater before participation than after.
  • Among those receiving AOT, the risk of arrest for a violent offense was 8.61 times greater before participation in AOT than after. 

Click here to read our Assisted Outpatient Treatment Backgrounder with additional information about assisted outpatient treatment results including references for the data.

Visit the Public Library to find additional reports by choosing the Reports/Research/Studies format and the topic of “assisted outpatient treatment.”


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